Natural Evolution Strategies
Daan Wierstra, Tom Schaul, Tobias Glasmachers, Yi Sun, Jan Peters, Jürgen Schmidhuber; 15(Mar):949−980, 2014.
AbstractThis paper presents Natural Evolution Strategies (NES), a recent family of black-box optimization algorithms that use the natural gradient to update a parameterized search distribution in the direction of higher expected fitness. We introduce a collection of techniques that address issues of convergence, robustness, sample complexity, computational complexity and sensitivity to hyperparameters. This paper explores a number of implementations of the NES family, such as general-purpose multi-variate normal distributions and separable distributions tailored towards search in high dimensional spaces. Experimental results show best published performance on various standard benchmarks, as well as competitive performance on others.