## Faster Rates of Differentially Private Stochastic Convex Optimization

** Jinyan Su, Lijie Hu, Di Wang**; 25(114):1−41, 2024.

### Abstract

In this paper, we revisit the problem of Differentially Private Stochastic Convex Optimization (DP-SCO) and provide excess population risks for some special classes of functions that are faster than the previous results of general convex and strongly convex functions. In the first part of the paper, we study the case where the population risk function satisfies the Tysbakov Noise Condition (TNC) with some parameter $\theta>1$. Specifically, we first show that under some mild assumptions on the loss functions, there is an algorithm whose output could achieve an upper bound of $\tilde{O}((\frac{1}{\sqrt{n}}+\frac{d}{n\epsilon})^\frac{\theta}{\theta-1}) $ and $\tilde{O}((\frac{1}{\sqrt{n}}+\frac{\sqrt{d\log(1/\delta)}}{n\epsilon})^\frac{\theta}{\theta-1})$ for $\epsilon$-DP and $(\epsilon, \delta)$-DP, respectively when $\theta\geq 2$, where $n$ is the sample size and $d$ is the dimension of the space. Then we address the inefficiency issue, improve the upper bounds by $\text{Poly}(\log n)$ factors and extend to the case where $\theta\geq \bar{\theta}>1$ for some known $\bar{\theta}$. Next, we show that the excess population risk of population functions satisfying TNC with parameter $\theta\geq 2$ is always lower bounded by $\Omega((\frac{d}{n\epsilon})^\frac{\theta}{\theta-1}) $ and $\Omega((\frac{\sqrt{d\log(1/\delta)}}{n\epsilon})^\frac{\theta}{\theta-1})$ for $\epsilon$-DP and $(\epsilon, \delta)$-DP, respectively, which matches our upper bounds. In the second part, we focus on a special case where the population risk function is strongly convex. Unlike the previous studies, here we assume the loss function is non-negative and the optimal value of population risk is sufficiently small. With these additional assumptions, we propose a new method whose output could achieve an upper bound of $O(\frac{d\log(1/\delta)}{n^2\epsilon^2}+\frac{1}{n^{\tau}})$ and $O(\frac{d^2}{n^2\epsilon^2}+\frac{1}{n^{\tau}})$ for any $\tau> 1$ in $(\epsilon,\delta)$-DP and $\epsilon$-DP model respectively if the sample size $n$ is sufficiently large. These results circumvent their corresponding lower bounds in (Feldman et al., 2020) for general strongly convex functions. Finally, we conduct experiments of our new methods on real-world data. Experimental results also provide new insights into established theories.

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