# Convergence Rate of Optimal Quantization and Application to the Clustering Performance of the Empirical Measure

Yating Liu, Gilles Pagès.

Year: 2020, Volume: 21, Issue: 86, Pages: 1−36

#### Abstract

We study the convergence rate of the optimal quantization for a probability measure sequence $(\mu_{n})_{n\in\mathbb{N}^{*}}$ on $\mathbb{R}^{d}$ converging in the Wasserstein distance in two aspects: the first one is the convergence rate of optimal quantizer $x^{(n)}\in(\mathbb{R}^{d})^{K}$ of $\mu_{n}$ at level $K$; the other one is the convergence rate of the distortion function valued at $x^{(n)}$, called the “performance” of $x^{(n)}$. Moreover, we also study the mean performance of the optimal quantization for the empirical measure of a distribution $\mu$ with finite second moment but possibly unbounded support. As an application, we show an upper bound with a convergence rate $\mathcal{O}(\frac{\log n}{\sqrt{n}})$ of the mean performance for the empirical measure of the multidimensional normal distribution $\mathcal{N}(m, \Sigma)$ and of distributions with hyper-exponential tails. This extends the results from Biau et al. (2008) obtained for compactly supported distribution. We also derive an upper bound which is sharper in the quantization level $K$ but suboptimal in $n$ by applying results in Fournier and Guillin (2015).